AGT‑181 is a novel, investigational enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) for the treatment of neurological complications in patients with Hurler syndrome. AGT-181 takes advantage of the body’s natural system for transporting products across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) by targeting the same receptor that delivers insulin to the brain. Its ability to cross the BBB makes it unique among treatments for Hurler syndrome.
ArmaGen developed AGT-181 by re-engineering an enzyme called iduronidase (IDUA) as an immunoglobulin G (IgG) fusion protein. The fusion protein binds to insulin receptors located on the surface of the BBB, enabling its passage into the brain.1 AGT-181 is currently being studied in a Phase 2 proof of concept clinical trial in pediatric patients.
1 Boado MJ, et al. Reversal of lysosomal storage in brain of adult MPS-I mice with intravenous Trojan horse-iduronidase fusion protein. Mol Pharmaceutics. 2011;8:1342-1350